Afghanistan in a midst of a civil war, Taliban continues to gain control over territories

September 11, 2001, was the day when the infamous US twin tower attack took place. The US then started a mission to eradicate the Taliban, but after 20 years of war, the pullout from Afghanistan took place last month, raising the question of the future of Afghanistan and its people at large.

Taliban continues to gain control over Afghanistan and has captured ten provinces in Afghanistan. According to the former US military commander in Afghanistan, “ A civil war is certainly a path that can be visualised soon.”

As of now, the people of Afghanistan are fleeing to the North of Kabul to save their lives. The situation is a red alert, which has also made embassies to be shut down. As per Reuters, “the United States decided on Thursday to dramatically scale down its embassy in Kabul and send about 3,000 troops temporarily to aid the evacuation of staff.”

Taliban has set its eyes on Mazar-i-Sharif, the biggest region in Afghanistan, to gain political control over the government. The US special envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad, was in Qatar to convince the Taliban Chief for a ceasefire. However, Taliban has been ruthless and land offensives have been made by it which has led many local officials to abandon their posts and flee the cities they run.

The United Nations Organization has stated that around 359,000 people have been displaced in the past one year. Taliban has been making its laws for the citizens of Afghanistan and have converted the country into a war zone. “All parties must do more to protect civilians or the impact will be catastrophic,” according to the UN Mission in Afghanistan.” 

India has been supporting Afghanistan for many years now and is firm for an Afghan led-Afghan owned nation. Taliban has attacked the infrastructure and has recently executed an Indian journalist Danish Siddiqui for unknown reasons, raising India’s security. Indian External Affairs Minister, S Jaishankar has said, “Rapid deterioration of the security situation is a serious matter. A peaceful and stable Afghanistan requires that the rights and interests of all sections of society are promoted and protected.”

The Indian consulate has been shut down, while the Indian government has called its citizens back home before it’s too late. India however, ruled out any immediate closure of its embassy in Afghanistan amidst the rapid deterioration of the security situation and mentioned that, it continued to be engaged with all stakeholders to work for a comprehensive ceasefire and a political settlement.

There exists no doubt that Afghanistan is in a humanitarian crisis, and peace is possible if both Taliban and the government agree to work together which somehow seems difficult at present. Considering that Afghanistan has recently appointed a new army general, who has vowed to eradicate the Taliban from the country. On the other hand, the US has been supporting the Afghanistan military with airstrikes as well as humanitarian aid. Despite all this Taliban continues to bring havoc on the citizens of the nation, the situation is dire, and It is being expected if all of this continues, Kabul will fall after 90 days. The Taliban has made it clear that any outside interference will lead to no peace. All of this makes us believe that, only time will tell whether a civil war takes place or peace returns back to Afghanistan.

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