According to reports, the discovery of water molecules will open new scientific doors for ISRO with future explorations. According to the former director of ISRO’s UR Rao Satellite, Dr Mylswamy Annadura, ‘the data from the old M3 sensor and the new Chandrayaan 2 sensor have matched. The orbiter of Chandrayaan 2 has a 5 micron, hence it unambiguously confirms the findings of Chandrayaan-1.’
Another milestone came in with the presence of hydroxyl and water molecules by the Imaging infrared spectrometer. Nasa had also conducted experiments on Chandrayaan-1 and found proof of water at lunar poles with the help of Moon Mineralogy Mapper.
Chandrayaan-1, which was propelled back in 2008, found water on the lunar surface. Chandrayaan-2, on the other hand, was made to understand topography, mineral identification, surface chemical composition, characteristics of topsoil, seismography and the nature of the lunar atmosphere.
A first in a kind mission to explore the South Pole of the Moon, consisting of an orbiter, lander and rover to travel and discover water molecules. Chandrayaan-2 was launched in 2019, and the lander carried a 27kg rover to study the top layer of lunar soil. Due to a technical glitch, it crashed, leading to deviation from the route.
The mission was not a failure because the orbiter was able to pass all three phases and gave results. Although the lander failed to make a comfortable landing, it was close to the projected surface of the Moon.