The field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) exists as a branch of computer science defined by the capability of a machine to function rationally in the face of external stimuli. Artificial intelligence seeks to automate tasks that usually require human intelligence.
Today, artificial intelligence has a significant impact on productivity, employment, and competitive behaviour. Artificial intelligence consists of a range of technologies that work together in harmony to allow machines to act, perceive, and learn just like humans.
What we experience every day is narrow artificial intelligence; these systems perform one or a few closely related tasks, for example, a weather app. However, the playing field is narrow for these systems: They tend to focus on improving efficiency.
A general AI system is more like the sentient machines you see in science fiction films, capable of thinking strategically, abstractly, and creatively to accomplish a variety of complex tasks, emulating human intelligence. The full realisation of general AI outside of the silver screen is still years away.
Popular and scientific culture has long looked forward to artificial intelligence, which has the potential to transform the way business is conducted and the relationship between people and technology in general.
In contrast to simply automating manual tasks, AI executes frequent, high-volume, computerised tasks, then adapts through a sequence of progressive learning algorithms (numerical formulas) that let the data handle the programming, without any human intervention.
With this technology, companies and citizens alike can perform a variety of tasks, whether they are commercial or personal. The use of artificial intelligence is improving the lives of consumers, and helping companies better manage supply chains and distribution, healthcare, customer service, and conversation platforms, chatbots, and interactive technology.
The potential for AI to lead to future advancements is yet another reason for its importance. By applying AI to healthcare, for instance, we can provide new diagnostic tools, enable personalised drug protocols, and even use robots to assist with surgery. With the ability to support smart infrastructures that maximise resources, artificial intelligence may also be an important tool for creating more sustainable economies and addressing environmental issues.