Strategic Warfare back in the 1900’s : A brief note

During the Second World War, German forces crossed the Polish Border early in the morning on 1 September 1939, and by the end of the month, Poland ceased to exist. The speed and ease of the German victory was a monument to the ruthless efficiency of their ‘blitz’ and the hopelessly inadequate defense offered by Polish forces and their allies. Contrary to the popular opinion at the time, the Germans possessed neither numerical superiority nor an absolute technological advantage over their enemies in the first battle of the European War. As Basil Liddel Hart points out, the German army was hardly more ready for war in 1939 than its adversaries.

The conservatives maintain that the trench warfare of 1914 to 1918 had been an aberrant form of warfare that the more conventional mobile warfare would be seen in the future and the army’s prime task therefore was to destroy the enemy’s main force. For this the conventional mix of infantry artillery and cavalry with the tanks playing the cavalry role was the correct one to them.

The radicals preferred the idea of avoiding headlong classes and resultant casualties and wanted to claim for lightning surgical strikes at the enemy’s line of communication and supply its headquarters and its applied dumps.Ponderous siege warfare techniques needed to be streamlined and simplified so that the results could be achieved in far less time and with far less manpower.

During the First World War guns were built up or wire want the two techniques being cross linked. In a built up gun, the barrel is relatively thin and is surrounded by a succession of larger tubes each heated and then shrunk onto the previous one until the complete gun body is made up of a number of cubes the number wearing in different points in the barrel.

A wire wound gun is similar in general construction but the place of the tubes is taken goes in several tight layers around the tube beneath usually the actual barrel this is then held in place by another tube heated and trunk over it and sometimes more views over the chamber. Both types of construction were designed to place the barrel in a state of compression so that the pressure of the explosive force inside. When the gunfire was safely contained and the burial was prevented from expanding, both involved precise and heavy machining, careful fitting and slow construction.

Constraining and guiding the course of German rearmament throughout the 1930’s was an economic situation considerably different from that which determined British or American rearmament . The only raw material possessed by Germany in any abundance was coal. All other raw materials required for the continued functioning of the German economy, not to mention the successful prosecution of war, had to be imported to one extent or another.

Technology shapes warfare, not war. War is timeless and universal. It has afflicted virtually every state known to human history. Warfare is the conduct of war. It is the clash of arms or the maneuver of armed forces in the field. It entails what military professionals call operations, whether or not the opposing forces actually unleash their organized violence on one another. War is a condition in which a state might find itself; warfare is a physical activity conducted by armed forces in the context of war. This should be remembered.

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