Recruitment of officers for the All India Administrative Civil Service is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. Aspiring IAS candidates are required to crack the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Civil Service Exam, one of the toughest competitive exams in India.
The Indian Administrative Service was established in 1858 as the Imperial Civil Service and renamed in 1950. IAS officials form part of the executive branch of the Indian government, the permanent bureaucracy. The Indian Forest Service (IFS) and the Indian Police Service (IPS) are two other All India Services.
Civil Services must be cleared with the highest marks in the exam for candidates to become IAS officers. The Civil Services examination consists of three stages – preliminary exams, mains exams, and personal interviews.
As government officials, IAS officers handle government affairs. This includes the formulation of policies and their implementation at the state and central levels. At the district level, the IAS is in charge of district affairs, which includes development. The IAS officers are responsible for law and order, general administration, and the development of various projects at the divisional level.
As an IAS, an officer may be employed by the Union government, state government, or public-sector undertaking, and has the opportunity to work in numerous roles such as collector, head of public sector units, commissioner, chief secretary, cabinet secretary, etc.
While on deputation abroad, IAS officers can be appointed to organisations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank (WB), Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), United Nations (UN), or its agencies and Asian Development Bank (ADB).
The Constitution gives IAS and IPS officers additional protection beyond their vast powers. Although they are administered by State Governments, they can only be dismissed by the President of India. The result is that they can work objectively and efficiently without being swayed by political pressures.
IAS and IPS officers have a very high social standing in Indian society as a result of the immense discretionary powers they possess along with their important role in policy-making and policy implementation.
Every individual in the country at least once in his lifetime must have dreamt of becoming an officer in the Indian Administrative Service, since it being one of the most respected professions in our country.