Manabe, Hasselmann and Parisi win 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics for discoveries in climate, complex physical systems

NEW DELHI: The 2021 Nobel Prize for Physics has been awarded jointly to Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi “for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex physical systems.” 

“This year’s Physics Nobel recognises new methods for describing complex systems and predicting their long term behaviour. One complex system of vital importance to humankind is Earth’s climate,” the Nobel Committee said.  

The prestigious prize is worth 10 million Swedish crowns ($1.15 million) and us awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Syukuro Manabe was born in 1931 in Shingi, Japan. He is a senior meteorologist at @Princeton University, USA.

Syukuro Manabe- awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics- demonstrated how increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere lead to increased temperatures at the surface of the Earth. His work laid the foundation for the development of current climate models.

Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann have been jointly awarded one half of the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics “for the physical modelling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliability predicting global warming.”

Klaus Hasselmann, awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics, was born 1931 in Hamburg, Germany. He is a professor at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, @MPI_Meteo, Hamburg, Germany.

He created a model that links together weather and climate. His methods have been used to prove that the increased temperature in the atmosphere is due to human emissions of carbon dioxide.

Giorgio Parisi- awarded this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics- was born in 1948 in Rome, Italy. He is a professor at Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

He discovered hidden patterns in disordered complex materials. His discoveries are among the most important contributions to the theory of complex systems.

Giorgio Parisi has been awarded one half of the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.”

“It’s clear that for the future generation, we have to act now in a very fast way.” He also speaks about the current climate situation at this morning’s Nobel Prize press conference.

Last year, scientists Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez won the Nobel physics prize for their discoveries concerning black holes.

The two most closely watched prizes, for literature and peace, will follow on Thursday and Friday.

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