SWEDEN: Abdulrazak Gurnah, a Tanzanian novelist, won the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize in Literature for his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugees in the gulf between cultures and continents.
Gurnah was born in the year 1948 and grew up on the island of Zanzibar in the Indian Ocean. Later on, he arrived in England as a refugee at the end of the 1960’s. Recently, he served as a Professor of English and Postcolonial Literatures at the University of Kent, Canterbury.
The Swedish Academy in a statement said, “The theme of the refugee’s disruption runs throughout his work. He began writing as a 21-year-old in English exile, and although Swahili was his first language, English became his literary tool.” The statement also said how Gurnah consciously breaks the upending colonial perspective to highlight the indigenous populations.
It must be noted that Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded by the Swedish Academy, Stockholm, Sweden.