The Constitution of India is the soul of the country. It is the lengthiest constitution in the world and the makers have put in their full efforts in making it a reality. They whole-heartedly studied the constitution of many countries and took into account only those points which were required by the country when it got independence.
Constitution Day is celebrated on 26 November every year to cherish those moments when the constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949. This day is also known as National Law Day. The Constitution of India, after its adoption, came into force on 26 January 1950 which is celebrated as Republic Day.
History says it all regarding the difficulties and hard work that went into giving the Constitution its final shape. The Constituent Assembly was founded in November 1946 and it was the body that drafted the Constitution of India. The assembly met for the first time on 9 December 1946 and it reassembled on 14 August 1947 as a sovereign body. It was elected by the elected members of the provincial assemblies and comprised of 389 members which were reduced to 299 after the partition. The assembly took 3 years approximately to draft the constitution spanning 11 sessions and 165 day-period.
The head of the Constituent Assembly, Jawaharlal Nehru put forward the “Objectives Resolution” on 13 December 1946 and this was adopted as the Preamble on 22 January 1947. Dr BR Ambedkar was the chairman of the Drafting Committee and this committee was among the 17 committees of the assembly meant to prepare the draft of the constitution. The committee set aside 2400 amendments out of the total 7600 amendments put on the table.
The importance of the Constitution Day lies in the fact that the citizens get to know the importance of the Indian Constitution and its architect, Dr BR Ambedkar. The day was announced as the Constitution Day by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi in 2015 as part of the year-long celebration of the 125th birth anniversary of Babasaheb. And what we see as the Constitution of India has the sweat and intelligence of its makers.