National War Memorial: Honouring the brave personals of the Indian Defence Forces

Unveiled on 29 February 2019, the National War Memorial was built to honour the personals of the Indian military who engaged in armed conflicts. Those who sacrificed their lives for the nation have their names inscribed on the walls of the Memorial in gold.

Spread over 40 acres of land and built around the existing chhatri (canopy) near India Gate, New Delhi, the Memorial is designed by Yogesh Chandrahasan, chief architect of WeBe Design Lab, Chennai.

The Memorial has four concentric circles with an obelisk at the centre below that burns an “Eternal Flame“. This flame represents Amar Jawan (immortal soldier) whereas the concentric circles represent Chakravyuh (an ancient Indian war formation). These are:

  1. Amar Chakra: This is the Circle of Immortality which derives its name from the Eternal Flame burning continuously. It symbolizes the immortality of the spirit of those brave men who sacrificed their lives and also promises that the Nation won’t forget their sacrifices.
  2. Veerta Chakra: This is the Circle of Bravery that has a covered gallery with six murals in bronze depicting the bravery of the Indian armed forces. The famous battles depicted here are the Battle of Gangasagar, Battle of Longewala, Tithwal, Rizangla, Operation Meghdoot, and Operation Trident.
  3. Tyag Chakra: Known as the Circle of Sacrifice, it symbolizes Chakravyuh. The concentric walls are clad with granite tablets containing names and the ranks of the soldiers who made supreme sacrifice on the battlefield. The names and the ranks are written in gold letters.
  4. Rakshak Chakra: The outermost circle, known as the Circle of Protection, is made of rows of trees. This reassures the citizens that they are safe in every respect where a tree represents a soldier standing for the protection of the country.

There is also a Param Yodha Sthal which has the busts of all the 21 recipients of the Param Vir Chakra.

A National War Museum in the princess Park is connected to the Memorial through an underground tunnel.

The National War Memorial sets the customs of honouring and remembering our heroes for their bravery.

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